A pályázati felhívást az alábbiakban olvashatják (angolul):
"Synergy in prevention and health promotion: individual, community, and environmental approaches"
Professor David Foxcroft (Oxford Brookes University, UK): Classifying prevention: form, function and theory
Harry Rutter (National Obesity Observatory, UK): Health promotion and disease prevention within complex systems: diet, physical activity, and obesity
David Hawkins (University of Washington, Seattle, USA): Evaluating the Public Health Benefits of Community-Wide Preventive Intervention
Alexander C. Wagenaar (University of Florida, USA): Hierarchical Multiple Time-series Designs: The RCT for Policy Evaluation
Reiner Hanewinkel (Institute for Therapy and Health Research, Germany): Smoking in movies: state of evidence and policy options (Pre-conference workshop – 7th December)
Poster and oral abstract submissions should address the conference theme and the specific theme of at least one parallel session:
- Quality assessment of non-randomized studies of prevention at the community/environmental level
- Theories and models in environmental prevention
- Development of interventions involving an environmental/community component
- Examples of environmental prevention projects and their evaluation
- Statistical methods for the evaluation of complex preventive interventions
Further information on the 2011 conference can be found at http://www.euspr.org
Abstracts should be submitted by downloading and completing the abstract submission form (available from http://www.euspr.org/images/pdfs/abstract_submission_lisbon.doc). Please send the completed form by email to Dr Harry Sumnall (email@example.com).
The deadline for abstract submission is October 15, 2011. The final decision will be taken by the reviewers' panel and communicated before November 10, 2011.
*** About the conference ***
Prevention is a “hard” problem. We cannot just give out medicines to change behaviour, and simple approaches on their own are unlikely to be sufficient. Lifestyle behaviours most relevant for health, such as eating choices or physical activity, cannot be changed just with a single intervention, however “effective” it may be.
This implies that effective strategies for prevention of most common risk behaviours must be based on a broad spectrum of interventions, targeted to both environment and individuals, and including structural changes and changes in social norms. For example, health education interventions to prevent obesity are likely to have maximal effectiveness in environments where unhealthy foods have high level of taxation, bike lanes are widespread, and restaurants and catering companies highlight healthy food choices. Likewise, school-based interventions to prevent smoking onset should be provided together with the implementation of school policies against tobacco, delivery of tobacco-free homes programmes, smoking bans in public places, and restriction of smoking in the media and film. In other words, changing health-related behaviours requires complex and synergistic strategies.
While there is sufficient knowledge about the effects of some health education programmes and school-based interventions, our understanding of how interventions brought at the level of the environment might work is poor. In order to fill this gap, the scientific evaluation of environmental interventions, as well as of complex community interventions should become a priority. But this raises several methodological questions, from the task of disentangling the effect of single components to that of summarising and de-contextualising results.
In its 2nd International Conference, the European Society for Prevention Research (EUSPR) offers this as a hot topic for the progression of prevention science. At this meeting keynote speakers will explore environmental approaches to prevention, comparing with individual and community level approaches. Also covered will be pathways to prevention, and the methodological challenges in undertaking prevention research at these different levels. There will also be an opportunity for members to talk about their own work through structured parallel sessions.